So "rather than posing a risk, it's also possible that by belonging to the goth subculture, young people are gaining valuable social and emotional support from their peers.”
The article suggests that the behaviour of self harm starts in the researched cases several years before they 'gothed out'. The gothing being an outward expression of inner turmoil and a sub culutre that provides support.
As a former Goth who has seen so much bad press written about the sub culutre and its emerging forms, it's kind of nice to see soemthing positive written. Certainly my experience (though not a self harmer) reflects that - the outward appearance being an expression of how i was feeling on the inside. When I was 16 I was asked by a tutor at the apprenticeship scheme why I always dressed in black, my reply in my depeest Andrew Eldritch voice; "becuase that's how I feel on the inside.."
I still wear black a lot though me reasoning is different, as the man in black himself said - Black is good for Church.